List of Important Amendments in Indian Constitution PDF

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List of Important Amendments in Indian Constitution

List of Important Amendments in Indian Constitution

Important Amendments in Indian Constitution List for UPSC

Amendment Act Year Description
First Amendment Act 1951 Empowered the state to make the advancement of socially and economically backward classes; Added restrictions on freedom of speech and expression; Provided for state trading.
Sixth Amendment Act 1956 Added new subject in Union list regarding taxes on inter-state trade and commerce.
Eighth Amendment Act 1960 Extended reservation of seats for SCs, STs, and Anglo-Indians in Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies; Amended article 334.
Tenth Amendment Act 1961 Incorporated Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as Union Territory; Amended article 240.
Thirteenth Amendment Act 1963 Formed State of Nagaland with special protection under Article 371A; Amended article 170.
Fifteenth Amendment Act 1963 Enabled High Courts to issue writs beyond their territorial jurisdiction; Increased retirement age of High Court judges; Provided for appointment of retired judges as ad-hoc judges.
Twenty-Fourth Amendment Act 1971 Affirmed Parliament’s power to amend any part of the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights; Made assent of President compulsory for Constitutional Amendment Bills.
Thirty-First Amendment Act 1973 Increased elective strength of Lok Sabha; Decreased representation of Union Territories.
Thirty-Sixth Amendment Act 1975 Made Sikkim the 22nd State of India.
Thirty-Seventh Amendment Act 1975 Provided Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers to Arunachal Pradesh.
Forty-Second Amendment Act 1976 Enacted during the Emergency; Established supremacy of Parliament; Gave precedence to Directive Principles; Imposed limits on judiciary; Raised Lok Sabha term; Authorised Central armed forces for law and order.
Forty-Third Amendment Act 1978 Repealed obnoxious provisions of 42nd Amendment Act; Restored civil liberties.
Forty-Fourth Amendment Act 1978 Removed distortions introduced during Emergency; Reduced Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies’ term to five years; Changed Right to Property to legal right.
Forty-Fifth Amendment Act 1980 Extended reservation of seats for SCs, STs, and Anglo-Indians for further 10 years.
Forty-Sixth Amendment Bill 1982 Authorised preparation of authoritative text of Constitution in Hindi.
Fifty-Second Amendment Act 1985 Made defection to another party illegal.
Fifty-Third Amendment Act 1986 Granted Statehood to Mizoram; Ensured non-interference by Central Government with laws of Mizoram.
Fifty-Fifth Amendment Act 1987 Granted Statehood to Arunachal Pradesh.
Fifty-Sixth Amendment Act 1987 Granted Statehood to Goa and formed new Union Territory of Daman and Diu.
Fifty-Seventh Amendment Act 1987 Provided special provisions for setting up new State of Goa.
Fifty-Eighth Amendment Act 1988 Provided special arrangements for reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in certain States.
Fifty-Ninth Amendment Act 1988 Empowered Central Government to impose Emergency in Punjab.
Sixty-First Amendment Act 1989 Lowered voting age from 21 to 18.
Sixty-Second Amendment Act 1989 Extended reservation of seats for SCs, STs, and Anglo-Indians for further 10 years.
Sixty-Third Amendment Act 1989 Repealed Amendment 59 related to emergency powers in Punjab.
Sixty-Fourth Amendment Act 1990 Extended President’s rule in Punjab by six months.
Sixty-Sixth Amendment Act 1990 Brought land reforms within purview of Ninth Schedule.
Sixty-Ninth Amendment Act 1991 Made Delhi a National Capital Region with Legislative assembly and Council of Ministers.
Seventieth Amendment Act 1992 Included members of Pondicherry and Delhi legislature in electoral college for Presidential election.
Seventy-First Amendment Act 1992 Added Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali languages in Eighth Schedule.
Seventy-Second Amendment Act 1992 Made temporary provision for reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in Tripura until re-adjustment of seats.
Seventy-Third Amendment Act 1992 Ensured direct election to all seats in Panchayats; Reserved seats for SCs, STs, and women.
Seventy-Fourth Amendment Act 1992 Ensured direct election to all seats in Nagarpalikas and Municipalities.
Seventy-Fifth Amendment Act 1994 Provided for State-level Rent Tribunals; Excluded their jurisdiction from all courts except Supreme Court.
Seventy-Sixth Amendment Act 1994 Related to reservation of seats in educational institutes and services under state for Backward Classes.
Seventy-Seventh Amendment Act 1995 Continued policy of reservation in promotion for SCs and STs.
Seventy-Eighth Amendment Act 1995 Included land reform laws in Ninth Schedule.
Seventy-Ninth Amendment Act 1999 Extended reservation of seats for SCs, STs, and Anglo-Indians for further 10 years.
Eightieth Amendment Act 2000 Dealt with sharing of taxes between Union and States.
Eighty-First Amendment Act 2000 Provided for unfilled vacancies of SC/ST in one year to be carried over to succeeding year.
Eighty-Second Amendment Act 2000 Provided for relaxation in qualifying marks for SC/ST members in examinations/jobs/promotions.
Eighty-Third Amendment Act 2000 Excluded reservation in Panchayats for SC/ST in Arunachal Pradesh due to tribal majority.
Eighty-Fourth Amendment Act 2001 Extended ban on readjustment of seats in Lok Sabha and state legislatures for another 25 years.
Eighty-Fifth Amendment Act 2001 Provided for consequential seniority in promotion for SC/ST government servants.
Eighty-Sixth Amendment Act 2002 Provided Right to Education till 14 years and early childhood care till 6 years.
Eighty-Seventh Amendment Act 2003 Readjustment and rationalisation of territorial constituencies based on 2001 census.
Eighty-Eighth Amendment Act 2003 Provided for service tax.
Eighty-Ninth Amendment Act 2003 Bifurcated National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes; Provided separate commissions for each.
Ninetieth Amendment Act 2003 Maintained representation of Scheduled Tribes in Assam Legislative Assembly from Bodoland Territorial Areas District.
Ninety-First Amendment Act 2004 Restricted size of Council of Ministers; Strengthened Anti-Defection laws.
Ninety-Second Amendment Act 2004 Included Bodo, Dogri, Santali, and Maithili as official languages.
Ninety-Third Amendment Act 2006 Provided 27% reservation for Other Backward Classes in government and private higher educational institutions.
Ninety-Fourth Amendment Act 2006 Created Minister of Tribal Welfare in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
Ninety-Fifth Amendment Act 2010 Extended reservation of seats for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies from 60 to 70 years.
Ninety-Sixth Amendment Act 2011 Substituted “Odia” for “Oriya”.
Ninety-Seventh Amendment Act 2012 Added co-operative societies in Article 19(1)(c); Inserted Article 43B related to promotion of co-operative societies; Added Part-IXB related to Co-operative Societies.
Ninety-Eighth Amendment Act 2013 Empowered Governor of Karnataka for development of Hyderabad-Karnataka Region.
Ninety-Ninth Amendment Act 2014 Formed National Judicial Appointments Commission.
Hundredth Amendment Act 2015 Related to Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh.
Hundred-First Amendment Act 2017 Introduced Goods and Services Tax (GST).
Hundred-Second Amendment Act 2018 Gave Constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes.
Hundred-Third Amendment Act 2019 Provided 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs).
Hundred-Fourth Amendment Act 2020 Extended reservation of seats for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.

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